The Associação De Olho No Material Escolar (Donme) denied new fake news related to Agro in the second stage of Enem. In the test, administered on Sunday (12), a question posed for the candidates to analyze states that “Amazonian soils, rich in silicate, are not suitable for cultivation as they are incapable of retaining nutrients”.
According to Donme, the topic was exposed in a “wrong way”.
“Contrary to what was mentioned, it is not true that Amazonian soils are unsuitable for cultivation because they are incapable of retaining nutrients. So much so that agriculture exists on these soils, whether with low or high use of agricultural inputs. The vast majority of Brazilian soils are of low fertility. With the development of science and the use of new technologies, it was possible to find different models of agricultural production to be undertaken both in the Amazon soil and in other Brazilian biomes”, says an excerpt from a note from the Association sent to People’s Gazette, this Tuesday (14).
Despite opening with a comment about the Amazon soil, the Enem question deals with electronegativity values based on the combination of metallic elements.
Donme emerged during the pandemic when rural producers came into contact with the textbooks used by their children.
According to the producers, the school material treated the family business, agribusiness, in a distorted and ideological way.
With members from 11 Brazilian states and around three thousand supporters – including teachers, school directors, researchers and scientists – the group has made technical visits to publishers and promoted experiences for teachers and students on farms and agribusiness companies.
In 2021, producers even appealed to the Ministry of Education (MEC) so that the department could only promote textbooks without distorted views.
On its website, the Association also hosts a video from the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) in which the state-owned company denies other fake news related to the Amazon.
In the video, Embrapa refutes the narrative that the Amazon only has trees.
“The region is home to more than 23 million people, including indigenous peoples and traditional communities, who act as guardians and find an important source of food, energy and income in the biome”, says an excerpt from the video.
Another document used by Donme to refute distorted views about the Amazon is the bulletin from the Bioeconomy Observatory of Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV).
In the January 2022 bulletin, the document highlights the increase in soybean production in the region.
“Between 2000 and 2020, the production value of agricultural activity in the Amazon biome grew, in real terms, 327.3%. As a result of this performance, in 2020, the region’s production reached R$57.3 billion (12.2 % of the country), distributed across 11.4 million hectares of harvested area (13.7% of Brazil). The expansion of production in the Amazon biome, in the period, was driven, above all, by soybeans, which accounted for 53.9% discharge”, says an excerpt from the bulletin.