Mato Grosso brings together 6 of the 10 municipalities that recorded the highest agricultural production values in Brazil in 2022. Goiás and Bahia, with two cities each, complete the list.
This is what the PAM (Municipal Agricultural Production) 2022 survey, released this Thursday (14) by IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), points out.
According to the survey, for the fourth consecutive year, Sorriso (397 kilometers from Cuiabá), in Mato Grosso, came out on top nationally.
The value of the municipality’s agricultural production reached R$11.5 billion in 2022. The amount represents a nominal increase (without considering inflation) of 15.2% compared to 2021.
The second position was occupied by Campo Novo do Parecis (401 kilometers from Cuiabá), also in Mato Grosso. Local agricultural production reached R$8.2 billion in 2022, an increase of 7.9%. Campo Novo do Parecis was in fourth place in the 2021 ranking.
Last year, the third position went to Sapezal (508 kilometers from Cuiabá), another city in Mato Grosso. The municipality’s agricultural production totaled R$8 billion.
This amount, however, represents a drop of 11.5% compared to 2021, when Sapezal occupied second place on the list of national highlights.
Rio Verde (almost R$8 billion), in Goiás, and São Desidério (R$7.6 billion), in Bahia, were in fourth and fifth positions in 2022.
The other two municipalities outside Mato Grosso that are among the ten national highlights last year are Jataí, in Goiás, and Formosa do Rio Preto, in Bahia. The two cities occupied the eighth and ninth positions, with R$6.3 billion and R$6.2 billion, respectively.
In 2021, the municipalities of Mato Grosso also predominated among the ten main producers in the country. At the time, seven cities in this group were in the state, two in Bahia and one in Goiás.
According to research referring to 2022, the value of Brazil’s agricultural production once again broke a record. Total revenue reached R$830.1 billion, a nominal increase of 11.8% compared to 2021. The historical series includes data from 1974, but the Real Plan only came into force in 1994.
According to IBGE, the prices of the main national agricultural products remained at high levels last year, which helps to understand the new record.
This occurred in a scenario of a high dollar and restrictions on trade in agricultural commodities due to the War in Ukraine.
The IBGE also pointed out that the grain harvest was 263.8 million tons in 2022, an increase of 3.8% compared to the previous year’s volume. The new mark is the highest ever recorded in the historical series.
According to the institute’s calculations, agricultural production in the ten municipalities with the highest values totaled R$74.7 billion last year. The amount is equivalent to 9% of the total revenue obtained in the country (R$830.1 billion).
Of these 10 municipalities, 9 have soybeans as their main agricultural product. The exception is Sapezal, in Mato Grosso, where the biggest emphasis comes from cotton.
According to IBGE, soybean production in Brazil reached 120.7 million tons in 2022, a drop of 10.5% compared to 2021. The reduction was associated with problems caused by the lack of rain. The production value of the grain, however, grew 1.3%, to R$ 345.4 billion, considers the institute.
“Soybean production, in 2022, was marked by adverse climatic effects, with a record of strong drought during the development of the crop in the Center-South states of the country,” stated the agency.
Mato Grosso easily leads the ranking of agricultural production in the states. In 2022, local revenue obtained from the activity rose 15.2% in nominal terms, to R$174.8 billion. The amount corresponds to 21.1% of Brazil’s total.
São Paulo (R$ 103 billion and an increase of 22.5%) came in second place in 2022. This position was occupied in 2021 by Rio Grande do Sul, which fell to sixth place last year amid the impacts of drought. The value of Rio Grande do Sul dropped 28.8% in 2022, to R$64.7 billion.
Considering the 20 municipalities with the highest agricultural production values in the country, only São Desidério and Formosa do Rio Preto, both in Bahia, are outside the Central-West.