New High School: MEC wants speedy voting in the Senate – 04/03/2024 – Education

New High School: MEC wants speedy voting in the Senate – 04/03/2024 – Education

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The MEC (Ministry of Education) does not intend to fight for new changes to the text that changes the structure of the new secondary education. The matter passed in the Chamber and now awaits a vote in the Senate.

In the opinion of members of the department’s team, the changes approved by the deputies already address the government’s main concerns regarding the stage. The main objective of the Lula (PT) government is for the text to pass quickly in the Senate, avoiding a return to the Chamber.

Therefore, the government should not insist on items such as the mandatory teaching of Spanish and the vetoes on hiring teachers with renowned knowledge for professional teaching and technology-mediated education. These were themes that were in the MEC’s ​​original proposal, but were not addressed in the text that passed in the Chamber.

One of the central points of understanding is that the implementation process will be a fight against time, both in the assessment of the MEC and for the Education Secretaries. If there are changes in the Senate, the rule provides for it to return to the Chamber.

The text foresees that implementation will begin in 2025.

Consed, the body that represents state education secretaries, is waiting for the final text to begin major work so that the new format reaches students next year. The entity assesses that there will be a lot of work to adapt curricular texts, consultations and involvement of networks and teachers.

Senator Professor Dorinha (União-TO), rapporteur in the Senate, says she is looking for an accelerated process due to the insecure situation today in the networks and among students. She will hold meetings with entities and the MEC to define possible adjustments to the text, but adds that there will be alignment with the Chamber.

“We can create a model agreement to speed things up, but the real challenges of secondary education are in the classroom,” she says, citing issues such as teacher training and strengthening teaching that converges with the interests of young people. Dorinha states that she cannot rule out that some necessary adjustments, including workload, could be addressed in other proposals.

In a note, the MEC states that the department and society are interested in “the processing and approval of the project as quickly as possible, considering deadlines for adapting and planning the education networks for next year”.

In 2017, the Michel Temer (MDB) government promoted the reform of secondary education, making the curriculum more flexible. Thus, it was stipulated that all students had access to a curriculum part equal to everyone else, linked to the National Common Curricular Base. Another part was destined for deepening lines, which are called training itineraries.

But implementation was accompanied by problems highlighted by teachers, students and experts. The model represented a waste of class time in traditional subjects and there were cases of content disconnected from the curriculum, such as RPG and Brigadeiro Gourmet, in addition to a lack of itinerary options for students.

In response to pressure from various sectors, the Lula government last year began a process to review part of the model, without moving towards a total repeal of the flexibility model. After a process of confrontation and negotiation with the rapporteur of the proposal in the Chamber, deputy Mendonça Filho (União-PE) — who was Minister of Education when the reform was carried out — the text was passed in the House in agreement with the government.

The main point of the MEC’s ​​proposal — the expansion from 1,800 hours to 2,400 hours focused on the common part of the curriculum — was included in Mendonça’s report, approved in March. The division includes a total load of 3,000 hours throughout the stage, and the rest of the schedule is directed to training itineraries.

The provision of five itineraries continues: languages, mathematics, human sciences, natural sciences and professional technical education.

Another point of adjustment between MEC and the rapporteur is related to technical and professional education. When the student follows this itinerary, the minimum common workload will be 2,100 hours, but there is flexibility for 300 hours of this amount to be combined with the technical training offered. Which provides technical training of 1,200 hours.

This possibility had been criticized for predicting two common load parameters. And this is one of the changes that will require adjustments in the writing of curricula by states, for example.

The approved text also provides for the MEC, in partnership with the education systems, to draw up national guidelines for deepening each of the itineraries. This did not occur with the 2017 reform and the formulation of the BNCC and is seen as part of the explanation for the failure of this model in schools.

“It’s going to be a lot of work, and we still don’t know how much it will be because this process was uncertain until the last minute [da aprovação na Câmara]. It was impossible to anticipate”, says the president of Consed, Vitor de Angelo.

Angelo, who is Secretary of Education of Espírito Santo, says that, even with accelerated approval in the Senate, it will only take a few months to define general guidelines common to the networks and also for the work of each network to adapt or even create itineraries, carry out consultations and mobilize the teams.

“The main advantage of running is not leaving another year of a certain limbo for students [que atualmente estudam no modelo de 2017]but it has the disadvantage that speed compromises the implementation process”, he says.

When questioned, the MEC states that its technical teams “follow the legislative process and are prepared to carry out the regulations that will result from it”.

The MEC will be responsible for adapting its assessments, such as the Saeb (Basic Education Assessment System) and the Enem. The change in the exam for entry into higher education should be implemented in 2027, when students entering in 2025 complete the stage.

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