Alesp takes office with numerous opposition and record number of blacks – 03/14/2023 – Politics
Late in relation to the rest of the country, the 94 state deputies elected in São Paulo take office this Wednesday (15) and inaugurate a legislature with a new establishment, numerous opposition and a record number of women and blacks.
The new deputies will have a shorter term, since, to close the gap between the Legislative Assembly of São Paulo and the other states, the inauguration will be on February 1, starting in 2027 – the change was approved by the House in 2019.
The base parties of Governor Tarcísio de Freitas (Republicans) make up the majority of deputies. Therefore, Palácio dos Bandeirantes should not have difficulties in approving the projects of interest to it – with the privatization of Sabesp being the main management goal.
If the alignment between the Legislative and Executive that marked the PSDB governments in São Paulo is to be maintained, there will be changes, on the other hand, at the top of the Assembly precisely because of the tucana overthrow – first excluded from the government and, now, from the command of the Board Director.
Traditionally, it is up to the party with the largest bench, formerly the PSDB and in this case Jair Bolsonaro’s PL, with 19 deputies, to elect the President of the House.
Valdemar Costa Neto’s ally, André do Prado (PL), who also has Tarcísio’s support, should assume the position of Carlão Pignatari (PSDB) without mishap – with more than 80 votes.
Then the PT, with 18 elected, should have the second position, the 1st secretariat, which takes care of the administration of Alesp. The 2nd secretary will fall to the PSDB, the third largest bench, with 9.
As shown to Sheetthe customary agreement between PSDB and PT for both to occupy the Bureau, started in 1995, will only be reissued with PL and PT, antagonists in the 2022 presidential election. of the House.
Despite criticism from more left-wing parties, such as the PSOL, the PT usually endorses the election of the government president in order to obtain positions (the 1st secretariat has 80, for example) and control committees.
The composition of the Board of Directors must also include the following parties: Podemos (3rd Secretariat), PSD (4th Secretariat), Republicans (1st Vice-Presidency), União Brasil (2nd Vice-Presidency), MDB (3rd Vice-Presidency) and again the PL (4th Vice-Presidency).
As a result, PSOL, which wants to launch the candidacy of Carlos Giannazi to oppose André, was isolated and must only count on the votes of its bench.
In addition to the distribution of positions in the Board, André also sewed the support of the acronyms through the distribution of commissions, a field in which definitions are still lacking and there should be more disputes.
Petistas hope to keep their four commissions (Education, Human Rights, International Relations and Infrastructure), while PL and Republicans want to move forward to control as many commissions as possible. The PL will have the most important of them, the Constitution, Justice and Writing, which belonged to the PSDB.
Although the prospects are calm for Tarcísio in the Assembly, especially with the giant of political articulation Gilberto Kassab (PSD) as Secretary of Government (responsible for dialogue with deputies and mayors), deputies say that the governor cannot neglect the relationship with the House.
If, on the one hand, there is the experience of Kassab and André, on the other hand, government leadership is seen with reservations among deputies. The position was handed over to Jorge Wilson (Republicans), seen as a low-clergy parliamentarian, and the vice-leaders will be the novices Guto Zacarias (União Brasil), from the MBL, and Tomé Abduch (Republicans), from Nas Ruas.
After Tarcísio chose names close to him for the secretariat to the detriment of nominations from parties and benches, complaints among deputies began to sprout. With the beginning of the legislature, the governor makes an effort to build bridges with his base – he offered a lunch to the Republicans last week and to the PL this Tuesday.
Base and opposition deputies avoid making predictions about the behavior of the House over the next four years and claim that it is necessary to measure the temperature in the coming weeks. The position of União Brasil, PSB and PSDB, for example, could tip the scales in the polls.
Carla Morando (PSDB) says that the party, for the time being, puts itself on the condition of being independent. “We still haven’t had any demand from the project government [para votação]. For now, we are independent and each deputy will vote according to their convictions”, he says.
The toucan says he is optimistic about “the totally new management” and claims to be concerned about keeping the programs of previous governments in progress, but minimizes the shrinkage of the party in the state.
“This issue of alternation of power is important, it gives it some oxygen. But the PSDB continues as the third largest force in Alesp and we are there to add and maintain the natural leadership that the party has always had.”
Another point of alert for the government is the size of the left-wing bench, which did not reach 20 deputies and will now have 25 representatives. The three most voted state deputies are from the opposition: Eduardo Suplicy (PT), with 807 thousand readers; Giannazi (PSOL), with 277 thousand; and Paula from Bancada Feminista (PSOL), with 260 thousand.
“With a larger number, we have more strength to form opposition. The government that is being installed has its contradictions and we are going to make a tough opposition on the issues that the PT defends”, says deputy Paulo Fiorilo (PT), mentioning the concessions.
Fiorilo also claims to see a difference between André and the toucans who dominated the House, although he is opposed to both. Through loopholes in the regiment, the PSDB ran over the left in some projects and suffocated it in the CPIs. “We hope that with André this does not happen, that there is dialogue, space and respect for the opposition.”
Bruno Zambelli (PL), brother of federal deputy Carla Zambelli (PL-SP), is the fourth most voted, with 235 thousand. Without the record vote of Janaina Paschoal (PRTB), who is leaving Alesp after running for the Senate and losing, the Bolsonarist bench decreased from 15 to 10.
Its main transformation, however, will be to leave the opposition —to João Doria— to become a government base, which will require less clashes and more composition. Among the 19 PL deputies, there is a division between Bolsonaristas and those who were already in the party before, with a centrão profile.
In 2022, the Assembly renewal rate, of 41.5%, was below previous years – 55 deputies were re-elected and 39 are new. The 2018 election elected 50 new deputies, most of them Bolsonarists, which led to heated clashes and even physical attacks in the plenary —which tend to be repeated with the new cast.
As shown to Sheet, after a legislature marked by gender violence and the case of harassment of Isa Penna (PC do B), the Assembly will have a record number of women – there will be 25 deputies (26.6% of the House). In 2018, 18 were elected.
The new Alesp also has the highest number of black and brown people elected since the TSE (Superior Electoral Court) began collecting data on ethnic-racial self-declaration: there were 7 in 2014, 10 in 2018 and 18 in 2022.
“We are renovating the House and bringing in the periphery, the LGBTs, the youth, the black woman. We are paving the way so that the face of politics actually changes”, says Ediane Maria (PSOL). With regard to the ruling majority, she says that the PSOL bench will be “the magnifying glass that will monitor the setback of the Tarcísio government”.
Last year, the TSE began to collect data on candidates with disabilities: there were 44 candidates for state deputy and one was elected.